The Asheville Mushroom Club is a diverse group of people whose common interest is to learn about fungi. Anyone with an interest in mushrooms is encouraged to join!

More About the Club

Monthly Meetings

Monthly meetings are open to the public and feature a guest speaker and recent area finds.

Time & Date

7:00 PM on the last Thursday of the month, March through November.

Location

The US Forest Service building.
It is located at 160 Zillicoa Street, Asheville, NC 28801.

2019 Schedule

Monthly meetings are done for the year, they will resume in March of 2019. We will post updated speaker information once next year's speakers are lined up. Have a wonder winter!

Membership

Become a member to receive our monthly newsletter, sign up for forays, and more!

Forays

Members of the Club are eligible to participate in the many forays we host throughout the year.

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Newsletter

Each month members are emailed a copy of Sporadic News containing all the latest club info.

newsletter

2009 Event Summaries


Big Ridge TN State Park Morel Foray Weekend
Date: April 3-5, 2009

The 16th annual George Lanz Big Ridge TN state park morel foray weekend was a very large success with 50+ attendees. The weather prior to the event produced plenty of rain and warm temps a few days before the weekend. We conducted 4 forays, with each foray yielding many morels. The final approximate tally for all the attendee’s combined was over 2,000 morels. The collected species were mostly the Morchella augusticeps, Morchella esculenta and the Morchella semilibera.

On Friday evening Tradd Cotter of www.mushroommountain.com presented a power point presentation with the topic beingmorels (of course). It definitely inspired folks to get out there amd hunt them down.

After two forays on Saturday we had our fantastic potluck and it looked like we might have surpassed any prior pot luck events. No one left the meal hungry, or the weekend without success either in finding morels, new friends or the knowledge of what to look for when hunting the elusive morel.

Photo credits: Chi Sing, Jackie Schieb, and Olga Katic


Cataloochee
Date: June 29, 2009

SpeciesCommon name Top 50
Amanita ceciliae Cecilia's Amanita  
Amanita flavoconia Yellow Patches Top 50
Amanita muscaria var. formosa Fly Agaric  
Amanita onusta    
Amanita rubescens The Blusher Top 50
Amanita spissa = A. Excelsa Stout-stalked or Gray-spotted Amanita  
Boletus bicolor Two-color Bolete Top 50
Boletus griseus Gray Bolete  
Boletus hortonii Wrinkled Bolete  
Cantharellus cibarius Chanterelle Top 50
Cantharellus cinnabarinus Cinnabar Chanterelle Top 50
Clitocybe ectypoides Wood Clitocybe  
Clitocybe gibba Funnel Clytocybe  
Coltricia cinnamomeus Shiny Cinnamon Polypore  
Coltricia montagnei Montagne's polypore  
Cortinarius iodes Spotted Cort Top 50
Crepidotus applanatus Flat Crepidotus  
Daldinia concentrica Carbon Balls  
Gyroporus castaneus Chestnut Bolete  
Gyroporus cyanescens Blueing Bolete  
Gyroporus purpurinus Red Gyroporus  
Hydnum repandum Hedgehog Top 50
Hygrocybe flavescens Golden Wax Cap Top 50
Hygrocybe purpureofolia Purple-gilled Wax Cap  
Lactarius deceptivus Deceptive Milky  
Lactarius hygrophoroides Hygrophorus Milky  
Lactarius peckii Peck's Milky Top 50
Lactarius pyrogalus Fire-milk Lactarius  
Lactarius subvellereus    
Leccinum rugosiceps    
Lycoperdon perlatum Gem-studded Puffball Top 50
Megacollybia platyphylla Platterful Top 50
Phylloporus rhodoxanthus Gilled Bolete Top 50
Pleurotus dryinus Veiled Oyster  
Pluteus cerviinus Fawn Mushroom Top 50
Pluteus flavofulgineus Smoky Yellow Pluteus  
Polyporus varius Elegant polypore  
Ramaria stricta Straight-branched Coral  
Russula crustosa Green Quilt Russula  
Russula variata Variable russula  
Scleroderma citrinum Earth Ball Top 50
Scutellinia scutellata Eyelash Cup  
Strobilomyces floccopus Old Man of the Woods Top 50
Tremellodendron pallidum False Coral  
Tricholomopsis rutilans Plums and Custard Top 50
Tylopilus alboater Black Velvet Bolete  
Tylopilus felleus Bitter Bolete  
    17

On Sunday June 28, 31 AMC members - including lots of new members who had never forayed before - met in the Cataloochee national forest for the first summer foray of the year. We got started around 10 AM, and separated into 4 groups in order to record our finds for the Forest Service (using GPS units provided by the local rangers). We forayed for a little under 2 hours in 4 different areas: the Horse Camp Trail, the Rough Fork Trail, the Caldwell Creek Trail and the woods around the Old Schoolhouse.

We enjoyed lunch by the stream while Charlotte Caplan and Steve Peek labored over fungi identification (thanks, you guys!!).
Despite the lack of rain in the previous week in Cataloochee, we found over 70 different species of mushrooms, of which we were able to identify 49 with some confidence. There were lots of Russulas and Hygrocybes, but the chanterelles were just beginning to appear, so no one went home with a boatload of them, unfortunately.

We also found some rare mushrooms – at least for us, since they don’t appear in our club foray lists for the past 5 years:

  • Amanita brunnescens var. pallida (we collected the common brown form as well, and the similarity in everything but color was unmistakable)
  • Amanita spissa (= excelsa)
  • Clitocybe ectypoides (only one rather old specimen, but last week it was everywhere!
  • Gyroporus purpurinus
  • Pluteus flavofulgineus

Photo credits: Chi-Sing Chan


Cherokee Reservation
Date: August 2, 2009

SpeciesCommon name Top 50
Amanita bisporigera Destroying Angel x
Calostoma cinnabarinus Hot Lips; Gelatinous Stalked Puffball  x
Cantharellus cibarius Chanterelle x
Cantharellus minor Small Chanterelle  
Cantharellus cinnabarinus Cinnabar Canterelle x
Clitopilus prunulus The Miller; Sweetbread mushroom  
Cortinarius bolaris Saffron-foot Cortinarius  
Cortinarius iodes Spotted Cort x
Cortinarius squamulosus Scaly Cortinarius  
Fistulina hepatica Beefsteak Polypore x
Fomitopsis cajanderi Rosy Polypore  
Geastrum sp. Earth Star  
Hygrocybe flavescens Golden Wax Cap x
Lactarius corrugis Corrugated Milk Cap x
Lactarius deceptivus Deceptive Milk Cap  
Lactarius piperatus Peppery Milk Cap  
Lactarius vinaceorufescens Yellow-staining Milk Cap  
Lactarius volemus Apricot Milk Cap x
Lepiota clypeolaria Shaggy-stalked Lepiota  
Lycoperdon perlatum Gem-studded Puffball x
Paxillus atrotomentosus Velvet-footed Paxillus x
Phylloporus rhodoxanthus Gilled Bolete x
Russula compacta Firm Russula x
Sarcodon imbricatus Scaly Tooth; Bitter hedgehog  
Scleroderma citrinum Earth Ball; Poison Pigskin Puffball x
Stereum ostrea False Turkey Tail  
Strobilomyces floccopus Old Man of the Woods x
Trametes versicolor Turkey Tail x
Species total: 28 16

This was our first ever opportunity to visit the Qualla Boundary – the Cherokee Indian lands. We were invited by new member Eddie Paul to hunt for da wo li (Cherokee for mushrooms) on land owned by members of his family just west of the town of Cherokee. 18 AMC members took part.

This foray was not for the faint-hearted. After travelling 60 miles from Asheville, we met at the house of Maude and Wilbur Paul, Eddie’s parents. It immediately started to rain. When it eased up we split into two parties: one group entering the woods immediately behind the house, the other going a few hundred yards up the road to Eddie’s house and up into the woods there. “Up” was the operative term. We scrambled and bushwhacked through some of the steepest terrain we have collected on. The idea was that the two parties would meet up somewhere along the ridge, but we didn’t see or hear each other until the second group emerged at Maude & Wilbur’s house, wet, filthy, but still clutching our baskets, to find the first group already returned and setting out their finds.

By then the grill was hot and Eddie was turning chicken, hamburgers, and hot dogs. Soon we all sat down to a delicious meal indoors, followed by a game of cribbage, while the rain started up again outside.

The woodland is mixed and very varied, with almost no non-native plants or trees. We found well over 50 fungal species and identified 28, 15 of which were on the “Top 50” list. There were numerous corals - Clavaria and Ramaria species - which defeated efforts at identification, and a fair number of Cortinarius species, including a good collection of Cortinarius squamulosus which we have not collected before (or at least not since 2005). Edibles included a few Chanterelles, many Apricot and Corrugated Milk Caps, and some rather soggy Beefsteak Polypore. Jan Guichard took the Beefsteak home and tried heroically to render it palatable but reports that she won’t be picking it again!

Many thanks to Eddie and to his parents for inviting us on to their land and into their homes. Their warm hospitality made this a truly memorable foray.

Charlotte Caplan


Pink Beds Camping Foray
Date: July 24-25, 2009

SpeciesCommon name Top 50
Agaricus sp.    
Amanita bisporigera Destroying Angel x
Amanita cokeri Coker's Amanita x
Amanita farinosa Powdery Amanita  
Amanita flavoconia Yellow Patches x
Amanita pantherina Panther Amanita  
Amanita vaginata Grisette  
Boletus bicolor Two-color Bolete x
Boletus ornatipes Ornate-stalked Bolete  
Boletus subvelutipes    
Bondarzewia berkeleyi Berkeley's Polypore  
Calastoma cinnabarina Hot Lips; Puffball in Aspic x
Cantharellus cibarius Chanterelle x
Cantharellus cinnabarinus Cinnabar Chanterelle x
Cantharellus minor Small Chanterelle  
Clavaria ornatipes Fuzzy-foot Coral  
Clavaria vermicularis    
Clavicorona pyxidata Crowned Coral  
Clitocybe clavipes Club-foooted Clitocybe  
Clitopilus prunulus The Miller  
Coltricia cinnamomeus    
Cordiceps capitata    
Cortinarius sp.    
Craterellus fallax Black Trumpet x
Crepidotus applanatus Flat Crep  
Daldinia concentrica Carbon Balls  
Elaphomyces sp.    
Gymnopus dryophila Oak-loving Collybia  
Hygrocybe flavescens Golden Wax Cap x
Hygrophoropsis aurantica False Chanterelle  
Inocybe calamistrata    
Laccaria sp.    
Lactarius corrugis Corrugated Milk Cap x
Lactarius peckii Peck's Milk Cap x
Lactarius subvellereus var. subdistans    
Lactarius volemus Apricot Milk Cap x
Laetiporus sulphureus Chicken of the Woods x
Leccinum sp.    
Leotia lubrica Jelly Baby  
Leucopaxillus giganteus (=Clitocybe giganteus)? Giant Clitocybe  
Lycoperdon perlatum Gem-studded Puffball x
Meripilus giganteus Black-staining Polypore  
Mycena sp.    
Nolanea strictior    
Omphalotus illudens Jack O'Lantern x
Otidia leporina Yellow Rabbit's Ears  
Paxillus atrotomentosus Velvet-footed Pax x
Paxillus involutus Poison Pax  
Phaeolus schweinitzii Dyer's Polypore  
Phlebia incarnata (= Merulius incarnata)    
Polyporus badius Bay-colored Polypore  
Ramaria sp.    
Russula compacta Firm Russula x
Russula sp.    
Russula virescens Green Quilt Russula x
Sarcodon imbricatus Scaly Tooth; Bitter Hedgehog  
Scleroderma citrinum Earth Ball; Pigskin Puffball x
Sparassis spathulata Cauliflower x
Stereum ostreatus False Turkey Tail  
Suillus americanus Chicken-fat Suillus  
Suillus granulatus Dotted Stalk Suillus x
Suillus pictus Painted Suillus x
Suillus placidus White Suillus  
Thelephora vialis Vase Thelephore  
Trametes versicolor Turkey Tail x
Trichaptum biforme Violet Toothed Polypore  
Tyromyces chioneus White Cheese Polypore  
Xerula furfuracea Rooted Agaric x
24

This foray was designed with new members in mind and concentrated on finding and identifying fungi on our list of the “Top 50 Mushrooms in Western North Carolina”.

A number of us gathered on Friday afternoon at the White Pine (North) group campground in the Pisgah National Forest. We found the campsite in good condition, set up our tents, and wandered into the surrounding forest to collect mushrooms and wine berries (which I discovered is the local name for wild .htmberries). Arnie Cremer built a camp fire, dinners were cooked and shared, a bottle or two was brought out, and we sat around the fire until bedtime, miraculously untroubled by mosquitoes or smoke from the fire.

The next morning we met other members at the Pink Beds picnic area – 27 members took part in total. The earliest arrivals found three beautiful Cauliflower Mushrooms (Sparrasis spathulata) on a pine stump right beside the picnic shelter. What a great start!

Mycologist Coleman McClenaghan gave us an introduction to the main families of fungi that we could expect to find. Then we formed into groups and forayed along the Pink Beds trails. After meeting back at the shelter for lunch we decided to try explore some different locations and set off by car to look at side trails and camping areas along Yellow Gap Road.

The weather had been fairly dry for several days, but nonetheless we had an excellent haul for the day, and Coleman was able to identify almost all the collections and give us a tour of the tables. There were 60 identified species, including no less than 24 of the Top 50. Six species proved to be first-time finds (at least since the current foray list was started in 2005). They were: Amanita pantherina (Panther Amanita) , Amanita vaginata (Grisette), Clavaria ornatipes (Fuzzy-foot Coral), Inocybe calamistrata, Nolanea strictior, and Suillus placidus (White Suillus).

We found plenty of Chicken of the Woods (Laetiporus sulphureus) – enough for everyone to take some home to eat. Olga Katic, a.k.a. the “Cordiceps Queen”, collected large numbers of those remarkable little fungi for Tradd Cotter’s study of their use in controlling insect pests.

In the first four forays of the year we have collected 33 of the Top 50 list – most of them more than once. The rest are mainly meadow species, which we don’t expect to find in the woods, or fall species which we will undoubtedly start finding soon.

A short rain shower marked the end of foraying. Back at the White Pine campsite we set up for the evening’s pot luck dinner. Amazing quantities of delicious food appeared … and disappeared. Greg Carter grilled his Shiitakes for us over the camp fire. As dusk fell all but the campers reluctantly crept away.

Photo credits: Chi-Sing Chang


Foster’s Creek, Pisgah National Forest
Date: August 22, 2009

SpeciesCommon name Top 50
Amanita bisporigera Destroying Angel X
Amanita brunnescens Cleft-foot Amanita  
Amanita citrina Citron Amanita  
Amanita cokeri Coker's Amanita X
Amanita pelioma    
Amanita rubescens The Blusher X
Amanita sp. Lepidella group, chlorine odor  
Boletus bicolor Two-color Bolete X
Boletus illudens?    
Boletus ornatipes Ornate-stalk Bolete  
Cantharellus cibarius Golden Chanterelle X
Cantharellus cinnabarinus Cinnabar Chantrerelle X
Cantharellus ignicolor Flame-colored Chanterelle  
Cantharellus lateritius Smooth Chanterelle  
Cantharellus persicinus Peach-colored Chanterelle  
Chlorociboria aeruginascens Blue-green Wood Stain  
Clavariadelphus pistillaris Pestle-shaped Coral  
Clavulinopsis fusiformis Spindle-shaped Yellow Coral  
Coprinus comatus Shaggy Mane, Inky Cap X
Cortinarius bolaris Saffron-foot Cortinarius  
Cortinarius iodes Spotted cortinarius X
Cortinarius violaceus Violet Cortinarius  
Craterellus cornucopiodes (= C. fallax) Black Trumpet  
Dictyphora duplicata? Netted Stinkhorn  
Entoloma murraii (= Nolanea murraii) Yellow Unicorn Entoloma  
Gymnopus dryophilus (= Collybia dryophila) Oak-loving Collybia  
Hydnum repandum Hedgehog X
Hygrocybe conica Witches Hat  
Hypomyces lactifluorum Lobster X
Laccaria ochropurpurea Purple-gilled Laccaria X
Lactarius atroviridis Dark Green Milk Cap  
Lactarius chrysorheus    
Lactarius corrugis Corrugated Milk Cap X
Lactarius deceptivus Deceptive Milk Cap  
Lactarius gerardii Gerard's Milk Cap  
Lactarius peckii Peck's Milk Cap X
Lactarius piperatus Peppery Milk Cap  
Lactarius subvellereus    
Lactarius volemus Apricot Milk Cap X
Leotia lubrica Jelly Babies  
Lepiota rubrotincta Red-tinged lepiota  
Marasmius fulvoferrugineus    
Megacollybia platyphylla Platterful Mushroom, Broad Gill X
Omphalotus illudens Jack O' Lantern X
Paxillus atrotomentosus Velvet-foot Pax X
Phaeolus schweinitzii Dyer's Polypore  
Phylloporus rhodoxanthus Gilled Bolete X
Russula compacta Firm Russula X
Russula crustosa Brown Quilted Russual  
Russula virescens Green Quilted Russula X
Sarcodon imbricatus Scaly Tooth; Bitter Hedgehog  
Sparassis crispa Cauliflower  
Sparassis spathulata Cauliflower X
Strobilomyces floccopus Old Man of the Woods X
Suillus granulatus Dotted-stalk Suillus X
Suillus pictus Painted Bolete X
Thelephora vialis Vase Thelephore  
Trametes versicolor Turkey Tail X
Tremellodendron pallidum False Coral  
Tylopilus felleus. Bitter Bolete  
Tylopilus plumboviolaceus Violet Bitter Bolete X
Xerula furfuracea Rooted Collybia X
62   27

Seventeen members participated in this foray. Starting from Westgate Shopping Center and the Food Lion on Hwy 280, we reached the Foster’s Creek trailhead just after 10:00 AM.

The weather started cloudy and damp, but soon became sunny and breezy with falling humidity – a delightful day for foraying. The previous week had been very wet, bringing out large numbers of mushrooms. We hunted mainly in the woods to the south of the trailhead and brought back a good and varied haul by lunchtime.

Most members left after lunch, but a small group did an afternoon foray along the gravel road that runs north from the trailhead. This area also proved very productive.

Well over 60 species were collected with 59 identified, including no less than 27 of the “Top 50”. Uncommon finds were Amanita pelioma and Lactarius atroviridis (both new to our cumulative species list), the lovely Cortinarius violaceus, and a large stinkhorn still in the “egg” stage – possibly Dictyphora duplicata.

Plenty of good edibles were found: Lobsters, Smooth Chanterelles, Black Trumpets, and both Eastern species of Cauliflower: Sparassis crispa and Sparrasis spathulata.


Dupont Forest
Date: August 30, 2009 / Leaders: Ken McGill & Ginger Fisher

SpeciesCommon name Top 50
Amanita bisporigera Destroying Angel X  
Amanita brunnescens Cleft-foot Amanita    
Amanita flavoconia Yellow Patches    
Amanita fulva Tawny Grisette X  
Amanita rubescens The Blusher X  
Boletus bicolor Two-color Bolete X  
Boletus ornatipes Ornate-stalk Bolete    
Boletus pallidus Pale Bolete    
Calostoma cinnabarinus Puffball in Aspic; Hot Lips X  
Cantharellus cinnabarina Cinnabar Chantrerelle X  
Cantharellus ignicolor Flame-colored Chanterelle    
Cantharellus lateritius Smooth Chanterelle    
Cantharellus minor Small Chanterelle    
Clitocybe tarda      New to foray list
Cortinarius iodes Spotted cortinarius X  
Cortinarius sanguineus Blood-red Cortinarius    
Cortinarius violaceus Violet Cortinarius    
Craterellus cornucopiodes (= C. fallax) Black Trumpet X  
Ganoderma applanatum  Artist's Conk    
Gymnopus dryophilus Oak-loving Collybia    
Hericeum erinaceum Lion's mane   New to foray list
Hypomyces lactifluorum Lobster X  
Lactarius allardii      
Lactarius corrugis Corrugated Milk Cap X  
Lactarius deceptivus Deceptive Milk Cap    
Lactarius peckii Peck's Milk Cap X  
Lactarius piperatus Peppery Milk Cap    
Lactarius subplinthogalus      
Lactarius volemus Apricot Milk Cap X  
Lycoperdon perlatum   X  
Marasmius fulvoferrugineus      
Megacollybia platyphylla Platterful Mushroom, Broad Gill X  
Nolanea murraii Yellow Unicorn Entoloma    
Omphalotus illudens Jack O' Lantern X  
Paxillus atrotomentosus Velvet-foot Pax X  
Pisolithus tinctorius Dye-maker's Puffball   New to foray list 
Russula compacta Firm Russula X  
Russula virescens Green Quilted Russula X  
Sarcodon scabrosus     New to foray list
Sparassis crispa Cauliflower    
Strobilomyces floccopus Old Man of the Woods X  
Suillus granulatus Dotted-stalk Suillus X  
Suillus pictus Painted Bolete X  
Thelephora vialis Vase Thelephore    
Tricholoma caligatum (= Armillaria caligata) Fragrant Armillaria    
Tylopilus ballouii     New to foray list
Tylopilus indecisus      
Tylopilus plumboviolaceus Violet Bitter Bolete X  
Xanthoconium affine (= Boletus affinis) var. maculata Spotted Bolete    
Xanthoconium separans (= Boletus separans) Lilac Bolete    
Xerula furfuracea Rooted Collybia X  
51   23  

Foray Location: Dupont Forest, Lake Imaging Area trails. Small groups foraged the Holly Road Trail, Ridgeline Trail, and Jim Branch Trail, then gathered at Lake Imaging for lunch and mushroom identification.

Foray Habitat and Weather: All trails featured hilly, mixed forest (pines, spruce, various hardwoods) with some underbrush. Trails passed through areas of pine needles, downed logs, ferns, and rhododendrons. There were no creeks on the trails, but recent rains produced plenty of ground moisture. We enjoyed partly cloudy skies with temperatures in the low 80's.

Seventeen club members (and one faithful chow) found an abundance of edible mushrooms. The group gathered at least 24 of the club's "Top 50 Mushrooms" and a wide variety of other fungi (see species list). Charlotte Caplan identified specimens and led discussion while club members enjoyed lunch by the tranquil lake. In addition to finding good edibles, the group was excited to see a number of trail horses and one poisonous snake in the vicinity of the lake. The recent rains have created a bumper crop of chanterelles, lactarius, and boletes in the area, and everyone went home with a full basket and plans for a good supper.


MCG/AMC/SCUMS Joint Foray - Oconee State Park
Date: September 11-13, 2009

Order/FamilySpeciesCommon name Collecting Site
       
Basidiomycota      
Agaricales/Agaricaceae Arachnion album Schwein Puffball OSP
  Lepiota acutesquamosa (Weinm.) Kummer Sharp Scaled Lepiota WFH
  Lycoperdon perlatum Pers Gem Studded Puffball WFH 
  Cyathus striatus (Huds.) Willd. Bird's Nest Fungus  WFH
  Crucibulum laeve (Huds.) Kambly Bird's Nest Fungus  BF
       
Agaricales/Amanitaceae Amanita abrupta  Peck Abrupt-Bulbed Lepidella WFH, YB
  Amanita banningiana Tul. Mary Banning's Slender Caesar YB
  Amanita bisporigera G.F. Atk. Eastern NA Destroying Angel CT
  Amanita brunnescens G.F. Atk. Brown American Star-footed Amanita YB, BF
  Amanita canescens D.T. Jenkins Golden Threads Lepidella YB
  Amanita daucipes (Mont.) Lloyd Carrot-footed Lepidella OSP
  Amanita flavoconia G. F. Atk. var. flavoconia American Yellow Dust Amanita YB
  Amanita farinosa Schwein. Eastern American Floury Amanita WFH, BF
  Amanita fulva sensu auct. amer. Tawny Grisette WFH
  Amanita jacksonii Pomerl American Caesar's BF,YB
  Amanita muscaria var persicina Dav. T. Jenkins Fly Agaric Unknown
  Amanita onusta (Howe) Sacc. Gunpowder Lepidella IQF
  Amanita parcivolvata (Peck) J.E. Gilbert Ringless False Fly Agaric Unknown
  Amanita polypyramis (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Sacc. Plateful of Pyramids Lepidella OSP
  Amanita rubescens (Pers:Fr) S.F.Gray The Blusher BF,YB
  Amanita subcokeri (Tulloss nom. prov.) = Amanita sp. 5   BF, YB
       
Agariclales/Clavariaceae Clavulinopsis fusiformis (Sowerby) Corner   unknown
       
Agaricales/Cortinariaceae Cortinarius armillatus (Alb. & Schwein.) Fr   CT
  Cortinarius bolaris (Pers.) Fr.    WFH, BF,YB
  Cortinarius iodes B & C Spotted Cortinarius WFH, BF,YB
  Cortinarius violaceus (L.) Gray   YB
       
Agaricales/Entolomataceae Clitopilus prunulus (Scop.) P. Kummer Sweetbread Mushroom OSP
  Entoloma murrayi (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Sacc.   WFH
       
Agaricales/Fistulinaceae Fistulina hepatica (Schaeff.) With. Beef Steak Mushroom OSP, YB
       
Agaricales/Hydnangiaceae Laccaria ochropurpurea (Berk.) Peck Purple Gilled Laccaria OSP, WFH
  Laccaria trullisata  (Ellis) Peck Sandy Laccaria BF
       
Agaricales/Hygrophoraceae  Ampulloclitocybe clavipes (Pers.) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys = Clitocybe clavipes Club Foot Clitocybe WFH,BF
  Hygrophorus marginatus var marginatusa Peck   WFH
  Hygrocybe  miniata (Fr.) P. Kumm   WFH
  Hygrocybe pratensis (Fr.) Murrill   WFH
  Hygrocybe  psittacina (Schaeff.) P. Kumm Parrot Colored Waxy Cap WFH
       
Agaricales/Marasmiaceae Gymnopus dryophilus (Bull.) Murrill   WFH
  Gymnopus iocephalus (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Halling   BF
  Marasmius fulvoferrugineus Gilliam    WFH
  Marasmiellus opacus (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Singer   BF,WFH
  Megacollybia platyphylla (Pers.) Kotl. & Pouzar Broad Gilled Mushroom WFH
  Omphalotus illudens (Schwein.) Bresinsky & Besl Jack-O'- Lantern Mushroom OSP
       
Agaricales/Pleurotaceae Hohenbuehelia petaloides (Bull.) Schulzer   WFH,OSP
  Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Quél. Summer Oyster  IQF
       
Agaricales/Physalacriaceae Armillaria caligata var. glaucescens A.H. Sm. (1)    YB, OSP
  Armillaria gallica Marxm. & Romagn. Honey Mushroom WFH, YB
  Strobilurus conigenoides (Ellis) Singer   WFH, BF
  Xerula furfuracea (Peck) Redhead, Ginns & Shoemaker   BF, WFH
       
Agaricales/Psathyrellaceae Lacrymaria velutina (Pers.) Konrad & Maubl.   WFH
       
Agaricales/Mycenaceae Panellus stipticus (Bull.) P. Karst.   BF
  Xeromphalina campanella (Batsch) Maire   YB, WFH
       
Agaricales/Strophariaceae Hypholoma fasciculare (2)  Sulfur Tuft BF
  Hypholoma capnoides (Fr.) P. Kumm   WFH
  Pholiota polychroa (Berk.) A.H. Sm. & H.J. Brodie   YB
  Pholiota squarrosoides (Pk.) Sacc. Scaled Pholiota WFH, YB
       
Agaricales/Tricholomataceae Clitocybe gibba (Pers.) P. Kumm.   WFH
  Lepista nuda (Bull.) Cooke Blewit  Off-Site
  Tricholomopsis formosa  (Murrill) Singer   OSP
       
Agaricales/Incertae Sedis Plicaturopsis crispa (Pers.) D.A. Reid   WFH
       
Boletales/Boletaceae Austroboletus gracilis var gracilis (Pk.) Wolfe Graceful Bolete BF
  Boletellus russellii (Frost) E.- J. Gilbert = Boletus russellii Russell's Bolete OSP
  Boletus auriflammeus Berk. & M.A. Curtis   YB, OSP
  Boletus auripes Peck   YB
  Boletus auriporus Pk.   YB
  Boletus curtisii Berk. Curtis' Bolete CT
  Boletus frostii Russell apud Frost Frost's Bolete YB,OSP
  Boletus griseus Frost Gray Bolete BF,YB, 
  Boletus longicurvipes Snell & Smith   BF,YB, 
  Boletus morrisii Peck Morris' Bolete Unknown
  Boletus pallidus Frost Pallid Capped Bolete BF,YB, 
  Boletus roxanae Frost   BF, YB
  Heimioporus betula (Schwein.) E. Horak= Austroboletus betula Shaggy stalk Bolete OSP
  Phylloporus rhodoxanthus (Schwein.) Bres. Gilled Bolete WFH, BF
  Pseudoboletus parasiticus (Bull.) Sutura = Boletus parasiticus   WFH
  Retiboletus ornatipes (Peck) Manfr. Binder & Bresinsky = Boletus ornatipes Ornate Stalked Bolete  WFH, BF, CT, YB
  Strobilomyces confusus Singer or S. strobilaceus (Scop.) Berk.  Old Man of the Woods WFH, BF, YB
  Tylopilus chromapes (Frost) A.H. Sm. & Thiers Chrome-Footed Bolete YB
  Tylopilus plumbeoviolaceus (Snell & Dick) Singer Violet-Gray Bolete WFH
  Xanthoconium affine var maculosus (Peck) Singer   WFH 
       
Boletales/Calostomataceae Calostoma cinnabarina Desv. Gelatinous Stalked Puffball WFH
       
Boletales/Suillaceae Suillus granulatus (Fr.) Kuntze Butterball Mushroom WFH 
  Suillus intermedius (A.H. Sm. & Thiers) A.H. Sm. & Thiers   OSP, BF
  Suillus pictus (Peck) A.H. Sm. & Thiers Painted Suillus WFH, CT
  Suillus punctipes (Peck) Singer   BF
       
Boletales/Tapinellaceae Tapinella atrotomentosa (Batsch) Šutara = Paxillus atrotomentosus    BF,YB
       
Cantharellales/Cantharellaceae Cantharellus cibarius Fr. Gilled Yellow Chanterelle WFH, CT
  Cantharellus cinnabarinus Schw. Cinnabar Chanterelle WFH,OSP
  Cantharellus lateritius (Berk.) Singer Smooth Yellow Chanterelle YB
  Craterellus  cornucopioides (L.) Pers  Black Trumpet WFH, BF
  Cantharellus  ignicolor R.H. Petersen   WFH
       
Cantharellales/Hydnaceae Hydnum repandum L. Sweet Tooth BF
       
Dacrymycetales/Dacrymycetaceae Dacrymyces chrysospermus Berk. & M.A. Curtis = D. palmatus (3) Yellow Jelly Fungus OSP
       
Gomphales/Gomphaceae Ramaria fennica var. fennica (P. Karst.) Ricken   BF
       
Hymenochaetales/Hymenochaeteae      
       
Phallales/Phallaceae Mutinus elegans (Mont.) Fischer Elegant Stinkhorn WFH
       
Polyporales/Fomitopsidaceae Phaeolus schweinitzii (Fr.) Pat. Dyer's Polypore OSP 
       
Polyporales/Ganodermataceae      
       
Polyporales/Meruliaceae Abortiporus biennis (Bull.) Singer   Unknown
  Bjerkandera adusta (Willd.) P. Karst   BF
  Gloeoporus dichrous (Fr.) Bres   OSP
  Phlebia incarnata (Schw.) Nakasone & Burdsall   OSP
       
Polyporales/Polyporaceae Globifomes graveolens (Schwein.) Murrill Sweet Knot CT
  Lenzites betulina (L.) Fr. Gilled Polypore YB
  Lenzites elegans (Spreng.) Pat. = Trametes elegans   WFH
  Microporellus dealbatus (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Murrill   OSP
  Trametes versicolor (L.) Lloyd Turkey Tail Fungus BF, YB
  Trichaptum biforme (Fr.) Ryvarden Violet-Toothed Polypore WFH, BF
       
Polyporales/Sparassidaceae Sparassis crispa (Wulfen) Fr. Cauliflower Mushroom OSP, BF
  Sparassis spathulata (Schwein.) Fr. Cauliflower Mushroom OSP
       
Russulales/Albatrellaceae Albatrellus cristatus (Schaeff.) Kotl. & Pouzar   OSP
       
Russulales/Auriscalpiaceae Lentinellus ursinus (Fr.) Kühner   WFH
       
Russulales/Bondarzewiaceae      
       
Russulales/Hericiaceae Hericium coralloides (Scop.) Pers.   OSP
       
Russulales/Russulaceae Lactarius allardii Coker   OSP
  Lactarius corrugis  Peck   WFH 
  Lactarius deceptivus Peck   BF
  Lactarius glaucescens Crossl.   YB
  Lactarius hygrophoroides Berk. & M.A. Curtis   YB
  Lactarius imperceptus Beardslee & Burl.    
  Lactarius  lignyotus Fr   WFH
  Lactarius maculatipes Burl    BF, YB
  Lactarius volemus (Fr.) Fr    WFH, YB
  Lactarius tomentosomarginatus Hesler & A.H. Sm   OSP
  Russula compacta Frost   BF, YB
  Russula flavida Frost   WFH, BF
  Russula parvovirescens Buyck, D. Mitch. & Parrent   OSP
  Russula polyphylla Peck   BF
       
Russulales/Stereaceae Stereum ostrea (Blume & T. Nees) Fr. False Turkey Tail BF, YB
  Stereum rameale (Schwein.) Burt = S. complicatum  Goldern Parchment Fungus  YB
       
Thelephorales/Bankeraceae Hydnellum scrobiculatum (Fr.) P. Karst   YB
       
Thelephorales/Thelephoraceae Thelephora vialis Schwein.   BF, WFH
       
Ascomycota      
Helotiales/Leotiomycetidae Chlorociboria aeruginascens (Nyl.) Kanouse ex C.S. Ramamurthi, Korf & L.R. Batra   WFH
       
Hypocreales/Cordycipitaceae Cordyceps militaris (L.) Link   WFH
       
Hypocreales/Hypocreaceae Hypomyces chrysospermus Tul. Golden hypomyces  YB
  Hypomyces hyalinus (Schwein.) Tul. & C. Tul. Parasitizes Amanitas BF
  Hypomyces lateritius (Fr.) Tul. & C. Tul. Parasitizes Lactarius and Russulas  
       
Pezizales/Helvellaceae Helvella crispa (Scop.) Fr.   CT
       
Xylariales/Xylariaceae Xylaria magnoliae J. D. Rogers Magnolia Cone Xylaria WFH
       
Total no. of species: 135    
       
       
Code to Collecting Locations:
YB = Yellow Branch, Sumter National Forest, Oconee Co. SC.
WFH = Walhalla Fish Hatchery, Oconee Co., SC.
BF = Burrell’s Ford
IQF= Isaqueena Falls, Sumter National Forest, Oconee Co., SC.
OSP= Oconee State Park, general locations within the park including around the office, parking lots, campground, and cabins. Oconee Co., SC.
OT = Oconee Trail, Oconee State Park, Oconee Co., SC.
CT = Chestnut Trail 
 
(1) This is the name that I (Jay Justice) use to denote the form of Tricholoma caligatum that occurs under hardwood trees, 
      bruises buish-gray and tastes bitter.  This variety has not yet been legally transferred over to the genus Tricholoma
(2) There is uncertainty which taxa was collected, (a) Hypholoma fasciculare sensu Massee or 
       (b) Hypholoma fasciculare (Huds.) P. Kumm.
(3) Again, there is uncertainty as to which taxa was collected, (a) Dacrymyces palmatus (Schwein.) Burt, now Dacrymyces chrysospermus
      Berk. & M.A. Curtis or (b) Dacrymyces palmatus Bres.

This was our second weekend foray at Oconee State Park, SC, held jointly with the Mushroom Club of Georgia (MCG). This year, members of the South Carolina Upstate Mushroom Club (SCUMS) also joined us. A total of 50 people took part. Our lead mycologist was Jay Justice, assisted by Tradd Cotter.

The weather was fine and not too warm. There had been ample rain in the area and collecting conditions were even better than in 2008, with 134 species collected and identified, compared with 110 last year. There were noticeably more of the Ascomycota, Russulaceae, and smaller saprophytic fungi (e.g. Hygrocybe), while the boletes were less dominant though still present in considerable variety. Only 40 species (about 20% of the total) were common to both years. Since the time of year and collecting locations were essentially unchanged, it seems likely that the very different weather history of 2008 and 2009 accounted for most of the difference. No doubt this extremely productive and diverse area will continue to show more variety in future years.

Uncommon finds included Boletus auriflammeus, Globifomes graveolens (Sweet Knot), and Hypomyces lateritius.

Collecting locations in this year’s foray were: Oconee State Park (Chestnut Trail, and general locations within the park including around the office, parking lots, campground, and cabins), Burrell’s Ford, Isaqueena Falls, Walhalla Fish Hatchery,and Yellow Branch.

On the Friday evening, Tradd Cotter gave a presentation on “Medicinal, Poisonous, and Hallucinogenic Properties of Fungi”. On Saturday evening we enjoyed a potluck dinner and silent auction, and then heard a presentation from Jay Justice on “Macrofungi of Arkansas, Southern Missouri, and Western Tennessee”. On Sunday morning, Jay and Tradd gave us a “walk around the tables” pointing out features of the main fungal genera and the particular species we had collected.

Charlotte Caplan

Photo credits: Chi-Sing Chan


Cataloochee 2
Date: September 19, 2009

SpeciesCommon name Top 50
Amanita citrina Citron Amanita  
Amanita fulva Tawny Grisette x
  Fly Agaric  
Amanita vaginata Grisette  
Armillaria mellea Honey mushroom x
Boletus innixus (= B. caespitosus) Clustered Brown Bolete  
Boletus zerlleri Zeller's bolete  
Cantharellus cinnabarinus Cinnabar Chanterelle x
Cantharellus infundibuliformis Funnel-shaped Chanterelle  
Clavulinopsis fusiformis Spindle-shaped yellow coral  
Coltricia cinnamomea Shiny Cinnamon Polypore  
Coltricia montagnei Montagne's polypore  
Cortinarius iodes Spotted Cort x
Craterellus cornucopiodes = C. fallax Black Trumpet x
Geastrum triplex Collared Earthstar  
Gymnopilus luteus Yellow Gymnopilus  
Gyroporus castaneus Chestnut Bolete  
Hydnum repandum Hedgehog x
Hydnum umbilicatum Navel Hedgehog  
Hygrocybe flavescens Golden Waxy Cap x
Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca False Chanterelle  
Hygrophorus borealis    
Hygrophorus nitidus    
Hypomyces lactifluorum Lobster x
Hypomyces luteovirens  Yellow-green Hypomyces  
Lactarius chrysorheus    
Lactarius corrugis Corrugated Milk Cap x
Lactarius deceptivus Deceptive Milk Cap  
Lactarius volemus Apricot Milk Cap x
Laetiporus sulphureus Chicken of the Woods x
Leccinum snellii Snell's leccinum  
Leccinum subglabripes (= B. Subglabripes)  
Lepiota rubtrotincta Red-tinged lepiota  
Lepista nuda = Clitocybe nudum Blewit x
Lycoperdon perlatum Gem-studded Puffball x
Microglossum rufum Orange Earth Tongue  
Nolanea murraii (= Entoloma Murraii) Yellow Unicorn Entoloma  
Phylloporus rhodoxanthus Gilled bolete x
Polyporus varius (= P. elegans) Elegant polypore  
Psathyrella rugocephala Corrugated Psathyrella  
Russula virescens Green-quilt Russula x
Scutellinia scutellata Eyelash Cup  
Suillus luteus Slippery Jack  
Trametes versicolor Turkey Tail x
Trichoglossum hirsutum Velvety Black Earth Tongue  
Tylopilus gracilis Graceful bolete  
Tylopilus indecisus    
Xerula furfuracea Rooted agaric x
Xylaria polymorpha Dead Man's Fingers  
     
Species count = 50   17

There were 15 participants including a former President of AMC, Doyle Horne who is now living in the Miami area (where there’s not many mushrooms). It had been raining on and off for the past week, with today being cloudy and in the high 70s.

The attendees split into 2 groups going in different areas. We were loaned GPS units from the Forest Service to mark waypoints of the mushrooms found. The information gathered will go to the ATBI Study of the Smokey Mts. Following a couple of hours of gathering fungi and having lunch the Identification session was begun and kept going till 48 species were IDed.

A couple of rangers arrived with a variety of items, one of which were elk horns. Some of the members had the fun of having them held up to their head to see what it would be like to carry around the huge antlers. We finished the day just in time to get our gear stored before the rain started to fall.

Photo credits: Jackie Schieb


Big Ridge Assembly
Date: October 11, 2009

The AMC held its inaugural foray/day long event on October 11, 2009 at the beautiful YMCA Blue Ridge Assembly nestled in the mountains of nearby Black Mountain. The facility has 1200 acres of woodland of which we only scratched the service in our search for fungi.

The weather was cool, with a substantial rainfall days prior to our arrival. The group of 59 attendees, with two mycologists, Dr. Coleman McCleneghan and Dr. Rytas Vilgalys, and 13 of his students from Duke University gathered at 9:30 and separated into 3 groups to search the woodlands, fields and roadsides, gathering back at noon to transfer our finds to the 4 display tables. After a varied lunch provided by the B.R. Assembly, the mycologists got down to identifying and explaining the differences between species.

Rytas delivered his power point presentation pointing out the diversity of fungi more specifically in mushrooms, illustrated with photos of the different mushrooms. He also explained the Tree of Life collaborative effort shared by he & his students, biologist and nature enthusiasts from around the world. More information can be found at www.tolweb.org.

The day was ended with Steve, Toni & Addie Roberts accompanied by Matt, Holly, Andrew entertaining us with their music and vocalizations of their original mushroom theme songs. Steve has also wrote & produced a CD titled Mushroom World, that is now in the music library of many of our members. Steve is the President of the Cumberland Mycological Society.

Photo credits: Jackie Schieb


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